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Child and Family Services Review

Child and Family Services Reviews, authorized by 1994 amendments to the Social Security Act and administered by the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services are a federal-state collaboration to to assess state capacity to promote positive outcomes for children and families in the child welfare system.

A review team composed of federal and state staff conducts the reviews and evaluates state performance in the areas of safety, permanency and well-being. The reviews examine state programs from two perspectives: outcomes of services provided to children and families and systemic factors affecting agency ability to help children and families achieve positive outcomes.

Review teams collect information from a variety of sources to make decisions about state performance. These sources include a statewide assessment by state members of the review team; data; onsite reviews of a sample of case records and case-related interviews with children, parents, foster parents, caseworkers and other knowledgeable professionals; and interviews with state and community stakeholders.

CFSR Round 3 Final Report

Performance Improvement Plans

Onsite reviews are designed to identify state program strengths and areas needing improvement. When the review identifies an area needing improvement, the state negotiates a performance improvment plan (PIP) with the federal Administration for Children and Families. 
PIPs are negotiated through a two-year implementation period and PIP products are submitted quarterly.

The Self Assessment

Prior to its 2016 onsite review, Kentucky worked with families, community partners and representatives of the judiciary to conduct a statewide self assessment. The self assessment is a required component of the child and family services review and is used as part of the overall review process.


Last Updated 3/9/2017