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Types of STDs

STD Program
275 East Main Street
Frankfort, KY 40621
(502) 564-4804

Chlamydia or NGU

What to Watch for:

  • Symptoms show up 7-21 days after having sex. Most women and some men have no symptoms.

Women:

  • Discharge from the vagina.
  • Bleeding from the vagina between periods.
  • Burning or pain when you urinate (pee).
  • Pain in abdomen, sometimes with fever and nausea.

Men:

  • Watery, white or yellow drip from the penis.
  • Burning or pain when you urinate (pee).

How Do You Get this STD:

  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia or NGU.

What Happens If You Don't Get Treated:

  • You can give chlamydia or NGU to your sexual partner(s).
    Can lead to more serious infection. Reproductive organs can be damaged.
  • Both men and women may no longer be able to have children.
  • A mother with chlamydia can give it to her baby during childbirth.
Genital Warts

What to Watch for:

  • Symptoms show up 1-8 months after having sex.
  • Small bumpy warts on the sex organs and anus.
  • Itching or burning around the sex organs.
  • After warts go away, the virus stays in the body. The warts can come back.

How Do You Get This STD:

  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has genital warts.

What Happens If You Don't Get Treated:

  • You can give genital warts to your sexual partner(s).
  • Warts cannot be cured.
  • More warts grow and are harder to get rid of.
  • A mother with warts can give them to her baby during childbirth.
  • May lead to precancerous conditions.
Gonorrhea

What to Watch for:

  • Symptoms show up 2-21 days after having sex. Most women and some men have no symptoms.

Women:

  • Thick yellow or white discharge from the vagina.
  • Burning or pain when you urinate (pee) or have a bowel movement.
  • Abnormal periods or bleeding between periods.
  • Bleeding from the vagina between periods.
  • Cramps and pain in the lower abdomen (belly).

Men:

  • Thick yellow or white drip from the penis.
  • Burning or pain when you urinate (pee) or have a bowel movement.
  • Need to urinate (pee) more often..

How Do You Get This STD:

  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has gonorrhea.

What Happens If You Don't Get Treated:

  • You can give gonorrhea to your sexual partner(s).
  • Can lead to more serious infection. Reproductive organs can be damaged.
  • Both men and women may no longer be able to have children.
  • A mother with gonorrhea can give it to her baby during childbirth.
  • Can cause heart trouble, skin disease, arthritis and blindness.
Hepatitis B

What to Watch for:

  • Symptoms show up 1-9 months after contact with the hepatitis B virus.
  • Many people have no symptoms or mild symptoms.
  • Flu-like feelings that don't go away.
  • Tiredness.
  • Jaundice (yellow skin).
  • Dark urine, light-colored bowel movements.

How Do You Get This STD:

  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has hepatitis B.
  • Spread by sharing needles to inject drugs, or for any other reason.
  • Spread by contact with infected blood.

What Happens If You Don't Get Treated:

  • You can give hepatitis B to your sexual partner(s) or someone you share a needle with.
  • Some people recover completely.
  • Some people cannot be cured.  Symptoms go away, but they can still give hepatitis B to others.
  • Can cause permanent liver damage.
  • A mother with hepatitis B can give it to her baby during childbirth.
Herpes

What to Watch for:

  • Symptoms show up 1-30 days after having sex.
  • Some people have no symptoms.
  • Flu-like feelings.
  • Small, painful blisters on the sex organs or mouth.
  • Itching or burning before the blisters appear.
  • Blisters last 1-3 weeks.
  • Blisters go away, but you still have herpes.  Blisters can come back.

How Do You Get This STD:

  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has herpes.

What Happens If You Don't Get Treated:

  • You can give herpes to your sexual partner(s).
  • Herpes cannot be cured.
  • A mother with herpes can give it to her baby during childbirth.
HIV/AIDS

What to Watch for:

  • Symptoms show up several months to several years after contact with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
  • Can be present for many years with no symptoms.
  • Unexplained weight loss or tiredness.
  • Flu-like feelings that don't go away.
  • Diarrhea.
  • White spots in mouth.
  • In women, yeast infections that don't go away.

How Do You Get This STD:

  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has HIV.
  • Spread by sharing needles to inject drugs, or for any other reason.
  • Spread by contact with infected blood.

What Happens If You Don't Get Treated:

  • You can give HIV to your sexual partner(s) or someone you share a needle with.
  • HIV cannot be cured.  Most people die from the disease.
  • A mother with HIV can give it to her baby in the womb, during birth or while breastfeeding.
Syphilis

What to Watch for:

1st Stage:

  • Symptoms show up 3-12 weeks after having sex.
  • A painless sore or sores on the mouth, sex organs, breast or fingers.
  • Sore lasts 1-5 weeks.
  • Sore goes away, but you still have syphilis.

2nd Stage:

  • Symptoms show up 1 week-6 months after sore heals.
  • A rash anywhere on the body.
  • Flu-like feelings.
  • Rash and flu-like feelings go away, but you still have syphilis.

How Do You Get This STD:

  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has syphilis.

What Happens If You Don't Get Treated:

  • You can give syphilis to your sexual partner(s).
  • A mother with syphilis can give it to her baby during childbirth or have a miscarriage.
  • Can cause heart disease, brain damage, blindness and death.
Vaginitis

What to Watch for:

  • Some women have no symptoms.
  • Itching, burning or pain in the vagina.
  • More discharge from the vagina than normal.
  • Discharge smells and/or looks different.

How Do You Get This STD:

  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex.  Men can carry vaginitis infections without symptoms.

What Happens If You Don't Get Treated:

  • Uncomfortable symptoms will continue.
  • Having vaginitis while pregnant may put a woman at increased risk for some complications of pregnancy, such as preterm delivery.
  • Men can get infections in the penis, prostate gland or urethra.
More Information

More information about HPV diseases including genital warts, sub clinical HPV infection, crabs and scabies, herpes and other common vaginal infections. Also read about treatments and preventions.

 

Last Updated 3/3/2009
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