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What It Is

​Many Kentuckians with HIV do not get tested before they become sick. As of June 30, 2017, there were 10,244 cumulative HIV infections diagnosed among Kentuckians, of whom 63% had progressed to AIDS by that date. Of the AIDS cases diagnosed in the last 10.5 years, 24% of the 3,600 were unaware of their HIV infection until 30 days or less before their AIDS diagnosis (meaning many of them had been infected, and infectious, for 10 or more years before ever testing).

CDC recommends that HIV screening be a default part of routine clinical care in all health care settings with the patient having the right to opt-out.

Kentucky HIV/AIDS Prevention Resources

Kentucky offers a wealth of resource partners in HIV prevention.  The links below provide some insight to the vast range of prevention opportunities around the Commonwealth.

Basics on HIV Prevention and the CDC offer a wide variety of prevention resources:

The HIV Risk Reduction Tool links to information about the HIV risk of different sexual activities when one partner is HIV positive and one partner is HIV negative.

Get Tested for HIV

Each county health department in Kentucky now offers rapid screening for HIV with results available in 15-20 minutes. Several community-based organizations and health centers also offer rapid HIV testing.
Complete list of rapid HIV testing sites in Kentucky.
For more information about HIV tests, see the NIH AIDSinfo page.

Condom Distribution

The Kentucky Department for Public Health contracts with several agencies to provide condom distribution:

AVOL (AIDS Volunteers, Inc.)
365 Waller Ave, Suite 100 
Lexington, KY 40504 

Lexington-Fayette County Health Department
650 Newtown Pike 
Lexington, KY 40508 

Louisville Metro Public Health and Wellness
Main Office
400 E Gray St
Louisville, KY 40202

Specialty Clinic
914 East Broadway 
Louisville, KY 40204 
502-574-6699 option 2

Northern Kentucky Independent District Health Department
8001 Veterans Memorial Dr 
Florence, KY 41042

Volunteers of America Mid-States 
933 Goss Ave 
Louisville, KY 40217 

Agency Training on HIV Testing

Kentucky law requires HIV test counselors to be trained in the Fundamentals of HIV Prevention Counseling. Space is limited in these full-day workshops. To participate, follow these steps:

  1. Create an account on if you don't already have one.
  2. Take the online prerequisite course #1021131 on KY.TRAIN (3.6 hours) (general information on HIV).
  3. Take the online prerequisite course #1054132 on KY.TRAIN (3.0 hours) (preparatory courses on HIV counseling).
  4. Take the online prerequisite courses #1052459 and #1052460 (courses on rapid HIV testing)
Training on the use of rapid HIV tests involves taking the appropriate KY.TRAIN module listed below. This module requires that you successfully run a set of rapid test kit controls in the presence of your testing supervisor. Ask which type of rapid test your agency is using to determine which module you will need.

Rapid-Rapid HIV Testing Protocol

Nonclinical Kentucky HIV test sites can now test all clients with rapid HIV antibody tests. Those with negative tests are considered as antibody-negative and no additional antibody testing would be required at that time. Those with reactive results from the rapid test can be tested immediately with an additional brand of rapid test that is less sensitive than the initial rapid test. Clients receiving reactive results from both rapid tests are almost certainly infected with HIV and can be promptly linked to an HIV care provider without waiting days or weeks for a confirmatory test.

This testing approach is for nonclinical settings such as harm reduction/syringe exchange programs, community-based organizations, outreach testing efforts, and field testing. This algorithm has not been approved for use in clinical settings.

   HIV Test Form

Here is the EvaluationWeb HIV Testing Form.

Training for the new HIV Testing Form is available online here (basic registration is required to view the recording).

Find an HIV Test Site

All county health departments and other community based organizations offer free anonymous or confidential HIV tests.  Click here to find a test site near you (opens a new browser window).

HIV Prevention Sites

East Region

AIDS Volunteers Inc.
263 N Limestone
Lexington, KY 40507
   Telephone: (859) 225-3000
   Fax: (859) 225-9244

Lexington-Fayette County Health Department
650 Newtown Pike
Lexington, KY 40508
   Telephone: (859) 252-2371
   Fax: (859) 288-7512

University of Kentucky Bluegrass Care Clinic
740 S Limestone, 5th Floor
Lexington, KY 40536
   Telephone: (859) 323-5544   

  North Central Region

Volunteers of America Mid-States
933 Goss Ave
Louisville, KY 40204
   Telephone: (502) 636-0771
Louisville Metro Public Health and Wellness 
Main Office
400 E Gray St
Louisville, KY 40202
   Telephone: (502) 574-5600
   Fax: (502) 574-5922
Specialty Clinic
914 E Broadway
Louisville, KY 40204
   Telephone: (502) 574-6699 option 2

Kentucky Syringe Exchange Programs

What Are Syringe Exchange Programs (SEPs)?
Additional information about the SEPs can be found here.