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What It Is

​Many Kentuckians with HIV do not get tested before they become sick. As of June 30, 2017, 10,244 HIV infections had been diagnosed among Kentuckians and 63 percent of those cases had progressed to AIDS. Of the 3,600 AIDS cases diagnosed in the last 10 years, 24 percent were unaware of their HIV infection until 30 days or fewer before their AIDS diagnosis. This means many had been infected and infectious for 10 or more years before ever testing.

CDC recommends HIV screening be part of routine clinical care in all health care settings with the patient having the right to opt-out.

Kentucky HIV/AIDS Prevention Resources

Kentucky offers a wealth of resource partners in HIV prevention. The links below provide some information on the vast range of prevention opportunities around the commonwealth.

Basics on HIV Prevention

AIDS.gov and the CDC offer a wide variety of prevention resources:

The HIV Risk Reduction Tool links to information about the HIV risk of different sexual activities when one partner is HIV positive and one partner is HIV negative.

Targeted Prevention

Program Highlights

Get Tested for HIV

Each county health department in Kentucky now offers rapid screening for HIV with results available in 15-20 minutes. Several community-based organizations and health centers also offer rapid HIV testing.
Complete list of rapid HIV testing sites in Kentucky.
For more information about HIV tests, see the NIH AIDSinfo page.

Agency Training on HIV Testing

Kentucky law requires HIV test counselors to be trained in the Fundamentals of HIV Prevention Counseling. Space is limited in these full-day workshops. To participate, follow these steps:

  1. Create a TRAIN KY account if you don't already have one.
  2. Take the online prerequisite course #1021131 on KY.TRAIN
    (3.6 hours) (general information on HIV).
  3. Take the online prerequisite course #1054132 on KY.TRAIN
    (3.0 hours) (preparatory courses on HIV counseling).
  4. Take the online prerequisite course #1052459
    (course on rapid HIV testing).

Training on the use of rapid HIV tests involves taking the appropriate TRAIN KY module listed below. This module requires that you successfully run a set of rapid test kit controls in the presence of your testing supervisor. Ask which type of rapid test your agency is using to determine which module you will need.

INSTI Rapid HIV Test Resources

Rapid-Rapid HIV Testing Protocol

Nonclinical Kentucky HIV test sites can now test all clients with rapid HIV antibody tests. Those with negative tests are considered as antibody-negative and no additional antibody testing would be required at that time. Those with reactive results from the rapid test can be tested immediately with an additional brand of rapid test that is less sensitive than the initial rapid test. Clients receiving reactive results from both rapid tests are almost certainly infected with HIV and can be promptly linked to an HIV care provider without waiting days or weeks for a confirmatory test.

This testing approach is for nonclinical settings such as harm reduction/syringe exchange programs, community-based organizations, outreach testing efforts, and field testing. This algorithm has not been approved for use in clinical settings.

HIV Test Form

EvaluationWeb HIV Testing Form.

Training for the new HIV Testing Form is available online (basic registration is required to view the recording).

Documentation